Bachelor of Science in Computer Science is an undergraduate program which focuses on developing specific skills and learning the fundamentals of computer systems and operations and other subjects such as machine learning, data science, or game design. It is a very popular course among students so there is no doubt that you might be wondering what exactly is this course and what are the BSc Computer Science subjects?
A BSc in computer science will equip you with both technical and workplace skills which will come in handy later on in your career. The scope of computer science is broad and so are the subjects taught within it. From mathematics to programming languages, a BSc in computer science covers many subjects. We have created a comprehensive list to help answer the question: what are the BSc computer science subjects?
Brief Overview of the Course
BSc Computer Science is a three-year undergraduate programme offered by many well-known universities in India. Students who had Science in 12th grade are eligible to apply for this course. Selection is based on a merit list released by the respective universities. There are many job opportunities within this field and the remunerations offered to people with this degree fall in the range of INR 3 Lakhs to INR 7 Lakhs.
Computer science covers a wide range of topics, it has a broad scope and can be applied to nearly any field. The BSc computer science subjects ranging from data structures to programming systems, web technology, python programming, applications development, etc. Moreover, the job profiles for a BSc computer science graduate include software engineer, systems architect, software developer, mobile developer, web developer, network engineer, website designer, data analyst, etc.
|Course||Bachelor of Science in Computer Science|
|Eligibility||At least 50% in 12th from Science stream (Physics, Chemistry, Maths).|
|Avg. Salary||INR 6 Lakhs|
|Job Profiles||Software engineer, systems architect, software developer, mobile developer, web developer, network engineer, website designer, data analyst|
|BSc CS Subjects||Data structures, programming systems, web technology, python programming, applications development|
|Recruiters||Google, Facebook, Deloitte, HCL, IBM, Cognizant, Central Government Organisations, etc|
BSc Computer Science Subjects
Years spent in an undergraduate program are some of the most important years of your life. They shape your personality as well as your professional character. A solid undergraduate programme will provide you with all of the required technical information while also instilling in your personal skills. The BSc computer science subjects do exactly that: they prepare you for the industry by providing technical knowledge in subjects like Introduction to Data Structures, programming languages, computer systems and architecture, database systems, and so on, as well as non-specialisation subjects like English, Values and Ethics, Environmental Sciences, and so on.
Core Subjects in BSc Computer Science
These core subjects will help strengthen your knowledge of computer science and train you to work as a professional in the industry after graduation. The core BSc computer science subjects compulsory for all are:
- Programming: Computer programming refers to the process of writing code in order to facilitate specific actions in an application or a software program. This subject focuses on learning how to create instructions for a computer to execute by writing and testing codes that enable the smooth functioning of applications and software programmes.
- Introduction to Data Structures: Data structures are a method of collecting and organising data in a way which makes it easy to perform operations on them. Students learn how to design and implement data structures in order to reduce complexity and increase efficiency.
- Computer Systems and Architecture: The architecture of a computer system refers to a catalogue of tools or attributes which are visible to the user whereas the organisation of a computer system defines the way the system is structured so that all the tools can be utilised.
- Database Management Systems: This subject focuses on the development of advanced skills in monitoring, and managing information centres, and web-enabled database applications. Learning this subject helps students to investigate new demands and utilisation of new technologies.
- Theory of Computation: This is the theoretical branch of computer science which majorly deals with the logic of computation with regard to simple machines. It enables students to understand how a machine computer functions in order to solve problems.
- Operating Systems Concepts: An Operating System is a mode of communicating with the computer without having to understand its language. This is one of the most important subjects taught in computer studies.
Elective Subjects in BSc Computer Science
Elective subjects are extremely vital in the academic life of a student. They help students realise a niche interest of theirs and contribute to professional and personal development. A BSc computer science course allows students to select electives for themselves. The following are the BSC computer science subjects:
- Artificial intelligence: Artificial Intelligence has applications in almost every sector such as retail, healthcare, life sciences, banking, and manufacturing. AI technology is used to design more effective store layouts, provide shopping suggestions, and personalised medicines, predict the load and demand for factories, review complex data used in testing new medicines, detect and predict fraudulent transactions, etc. You can read more about AI here Artificial Intelligence Vs Computer Science.
- Machine Learning: Machine Learning runs simulations with diverse data sets to generate accurate results. Machine learning focuses on building and maintaining self-running software which can facilitate machine learning initiatives.
- Computer Networks: In today’s technology-oriented world, sharing has become an integral part of businesses and other activities. This sharing can be achieved by networking. In this course, students learn all about linking two or more computers in order to share files or resources.
- Software Engineering: Students learn how to apply principles of software engineering to design, develop, maintain, test, and evaluate computer software.
- Human-Computer Interaction: This subject focuses on studying the design of computer technology and the interaction between humans and computers. This field encompasses computer science, human factors engineering, and cognitive science.
- Fundamentals of Open Source Software: Students study particular open-source software such as Linux. This software was originally developed to be used on personal computers, however now it is used on smartphones, servers, mainframe computers, supercomputers and much more.
|CORE BSC COMPUTER SCIENCE SUBJECTS||ELECTIVE BSC COMPUTER SCIENCE SUBJECTS|
|Introduction to Data Structures||Machine Learning|
|Computer Systems and Architecture||Computer Networks|
|Database Management System||Software Engineering|
|Theory of Computation||Human-Computer Interaction|
|Operating Systems Concepts||Fundamentals of Open Source Software|
Specialisation Subjects in BSc Computer Science
Besides core subjects and electives, undergraduate students also need to select specialisation subjects towards the end of their course; usually in the 3rd year. These courses increase an individual’s domain knowledge and open up many more opportunities for professional success. The BSc computer science subjects for specialisations are:
- Web Development: Refers to creating, building, and maintaining websites. It includes numerous aspects such as web design, web publishing, web programming, and database management.
- Mobile Application Development: Students learn how to create software applications which run on mobile devices. A typical mobile application utilises network connections to work with remote computing resources.
- Game Development: In this course students learn how to create games by describing a design, developing and then releasing the game. It involves concept generation, designing, building, testing, and releasing. Students need to employ concepts such as game mechanics, rewards, player engagement, and level design while developing the game.
- Cloud Computing: It is on-demand access to computing resources such as applications, servers, data storage, development tools, networking capabilities, etc. hosted at a remote data centre. Students learn the fundamentals of cloud computing in this course.
- Cyber Security: Students learn how to defend computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attacks.
Overview of BSc Computer Science Subjects
BSc Computer Science is a three-year undergraduate programme with a multidisciplinary curriculum. The coursework focuses on developing both technical and personal skills. Here is an overview of the year-wise BSc computer science subjects:
|SEMESTER I||SEMESTER II|
|Introduction to Digital Electronics||Front Office Management|
|Basics of Computer Science||Discrete Mathematics|
|Environmental Sciences||Computer Organisation|
|Foundation Course in Mathematics||Fundamentals of Open Source Software|
|SEMESTER III||SEMESTER IV|
|Object-Oriented Programming (C++)||Database Management Systems|
|Functional English- I||Value and Ethics|
|Technical Writing||System Analysis and Design|
|Analytical Skill Development- I||Analytical Skill Development- II|
|SEMESTER V||SEMESTER VI|
|Operating Systems Concepts||Introduction to Computer Network|
|Introduction to Data Structures||Numerical Analysis|
|System Softwares||System Programming|
|Python Programming||Introduction to Web Technology|
|Introduction to Software Engineering||Project Work|
Semester Overview of BSc Computer Science Subjects
As mentioned above, the BSc Computer Science curriculum is a comprehensive course which employs both classroom training and lab classes, practical learning, seminars, research projects, etc. Most universities which offer this programme follow a credit-based system. We have provided a semester-wise breakdown of what topics are covered in each semester:
The first semester comprises mostly introductory subjects that are common for everyone despite their specialisation preferences. Some of the topics covered in the first semester of BSc computer science subjects are:
- Introduction to Digital Electronics
- Basics of Computer Science
- Environmental Sciences
- Foundation course in Mathematics
- Introduction to Windows
- Computer Organisation Principles
Similar to the first semester, subjects in the second semester are also mostly introductory and comprise the following topics:
- Introduction to digital electronics
- Fundamentals of Open Source Software
- Introduction to Programming Concepts
- Database Management Systems
- Front Office Management
- Discrete Mathematics
Starting from the second year, the BSc computer science subjects become more advanced and domain-specific. Here we have listed some of the topics covered in the third semester:
- Object-oriented programming using C++
- Functional English
- Technical writing
- Analytical Skill Development- I
- Fundamentals of PHP
- Introduction to Embedded Systems
Mostly similar to or a continuation of the subjects studied in the previous semester, subjects in the fourth semester is also a bit more advanced. Here is a list of the 4th semester BSc computer science subjects:
- Value and Ethics
- System Analysis and Design
- Java Programming
- Mathematical Foundation for Computer Science
- Analytical Skill Development- II
This is the last year for students of BSc computer science and they are expected to select specialisations and focus on their project work. The subjects are much more advanced and cater to a niche domain. Some of the BSc computer science subjects for the fifth semester are:
- Operating System Concepts
- Introduction to Data Structures
- System Software
- Python Programming
- Introduction to Software Engineering
- Disk Operating System
The last semester is the most crucial semester for students. The curriculum in this semester is a cumulative one. This means that students will need to work on their project work by applying the knowledge they acquired over the course of three years. Here are some of the BSc computer science subjects studied in the sixth semester:
- Introduction to Computer Network
- Numerical Analysis
- System Programming
- Introduction to Number System and Codes
- Introduction to Web Technology
- Project Work
Details of the BSc Computer Science Subjects
An undergraduate course in BSc computer science aims to equip students with the right industry knowledge. Needless to say, the curriculum comprises subjects which aim to solve mathematical problems which may arise in computer programming. Throughout the duration of this course, students are familiarised with basic calculus and other areas of mathematics which can help individuals to better understand the theories of computer science.
|Introduction to Number systems and codes||Different number systems and their conversions (Decimal, Octal, Binary, and Hexadecimal),1’s Complement & 2’s complementFloating Point numbers, Coding – BCD, Gray, ASCII|
|Introduction to Programming Concepts||Types of Programming Languages, Classification of software, Application software and System Software, Structured Programming, Algorithms and Flowcharts with Examples|
|Introduction to Windows||MS Windows, and its various elements of the windows title bar, menu bar, maximise and close buttons, borders and corners, scroll bars, windows icon, folder icons, dialogue box and its items, starting Microsoft windows, searching the files, copying the files, disk cleanup, deleting unnecessary files|
|Disk Operating System||Introduction to DOS Commands, Types of DOS Commands WildCard Character in DOS Directory Related Commands. Filters & Redirection, Batch file.|
|Functions||Definition, function and prototyping, types of functions, type of arguments, passing arrays to functions, storage class in C-automatic, register, external and static variables.|
More About BSc Computer Science
As with any other course, BSc Computer Science has certain eligibility criteria which students must meet if they want to pursue this course. This eligibility criterion is uniform for most universities and colleges offering a BSc CS degree.
- Students must have secured at least 50% in their 10+2 examinations from any board recognised by the government.
- Students must have PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Maths) as their subjects in 10+2.
Candidates can choose a PG or PGD programme in computer science and software after earning a BSc in computer science. They can choose to take a PGD course in computer science or an MSc in the subject.
In comparison to someone with a conventional UG degree, the candidate will receive a better job package if they pursue a PG course in the relevant subject. They can later choose to enrol in a certificate or diploma programme in areas such as gaming, software, applications, web design, etc. Computer system analyst courses, digital marketing, user experience design, web development training, SEO training and certification, database administration courses, search engine marketing courses, etc. are a few of the additional courses.
What’s the Verdict?
BSc Computer science covers a wide range of subjects, it has a broad scope and can be applied to nearly any field. The BSc computer science subjects ranging from data structures to programming systems, web technology, python programming, applications development, etc. Moreover, the job profiles for a BSc computer science graduate include software engineer, systems architect, software developer, mobile developer, web developer, network engineer, website designer, data analyst, etc.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
- What are the subjects in BSc Computer Science?
The BSc CS curriculum comprises subjects which aim to solve mathematical problems which may arise in computer programming. Throughout the duration of this course, students are familiarised with basic calculus and other areas of mathematics which can help individuals to better understand the theories of computer science.
- What are 5 subjects in BSc?
There are many subjects and specialisations for students who want to pursue a Bachelor of Science. These subjects range from Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Botany, and Zoology, to Computer Science, Home Science, etc.
- Is BSc Computer Science easy?
If you are interested in pursuing a BSc Computer Science course, then it would not be tough for you. Computer Science is a subject which provides the logical set and mathematical explanations regarding the operation of computers. As long as you possess the drive and the determination, BSc CS will be quite easy for you.
- Is there Math in BSc Computer Science?
Yes, mathematics is an integral subject for a BSc CS course. Throughout the duration of this course, students are familiarised with basic calculus and other areas of mathematics which can help individuals to better understand the theories of computer science.